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              国家统计局农村司高级统计师黄加才解读夏粮生产情况

              时间:2018-07-18 字体大小: 来源:国家统计局

                 国家统计局公布的全国夏粮生产数据显示,2018年全国夏粮总产量13872万吨,比2017年减产306万吨,下降2.2%?#40644;?#20013;播种面积26703千公顷,比?#22799;?#20943;少164千公顷,下降0.6%;全国夏粮每公顷产量5194.9公斤,比?#22799;?#20943;少82.0公斤,下降1.6%2018年夏粮产量因面积减少而减产86万吨,因单产下降而减产220万吨。

                一、播种面积减少

                一是各地积极?#24179;?#20892;业供给侧结构性改革,大力调整农业种植结构,减少夏粮播种面积,增加花生、蔬?#35828;?#32463;济作物播种面积;如河北部分地区由于地下水严重超采而采取休耕政策,减少了小麦种植。二是?#22799;?#31179;冬播期间部分地区遭遇?#20013;?#38452;雨天气,江淮等部分地区水稻不能及时收割腾茬,影响了小麦播种。三是棉花目标价格改革政策的实施,促使新疆棉农种植棉花的积极性提高,更多农户倾向于扩棉减麦。

                二、单产有所下降

                一是秋冬播期间,河?#31995;?#22320;局部遭遇?#20013;?#38477;雨天气,部分麦田播期推迟15-20天,小麦冬前积温不足,不利于形成冬前壮苗和安全越冬。二是清明时节,正值小麦生长的拔节孕穗关键期,黄淮海等小麦主产区遭受了一次大范围大幅度降温天气,影响小麦穗粒数形成。三是灌浆收获期间,?#19981;?#31561;部分地区遭遇长时间阴雨天气,降水偏多,日照不足,不仅影响小麦灌浆和产量的进一步形成,还导致小麦出芽霉变,影响?#20998;省?/span>


              京ICP备05031678号    京公网安备11010846248号

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                          快三平台

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